Front. Sustain. Food Syst.
Sec. Land, Livelihoods and Food Security
doi: 10.3389/fsufs.2022.987853

Food Security Systems in Rural Communities: A Qualitative Study

 Yusriadi Yusriadi1* and Andi Cahaya1
  • 1Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Administrasi Puangrimaggalatung, Indonesia
Provisionally accepted:
The final, formatted version of the article will be published soon.

Indonesia is rich in natural resources, but the problem of food insecurity is still a significant concern. However, few studies still examine the relationship of socio dynamics in contributing to local ecosystems to create food security. In this study, we discuss how social dynamics contribute to normative structures, community habits, and livelihoods to meet the living needs of rural communities in creating household food security and how they try to deal with worsening food insecurity through the local wisdom of rural communities. The research methodology is participatory qualitative, while data collection is through a Discussion Group Forum (FGD) and in-depth interviews with rural communities. Fifteen villages contributed to this study, interviewing 14 villagers individually, and the rest were grouped in FGDs based on livelihood categories and equal access to forest and coastal areas. Interview notes and transcription of citations were analyzed using the Thematic Framework Analysis (TFA). The study results illustrate that the village food system is vulnerable to human and natural capital. An adaptation of rural communities will experience food security difficulties when ecosystems do not provide sufficient protection due to a fluctuating climate, crop failure, and loss of household labor due to travel and health emergencies. In addition, food security is created through the dynamics of a well-maintained environment and rural local wisdom, which facilitates broad access to food provided by nature, agricultural land, marine resources, environmental knowledge, community relations, and labor. Our findings highlight the need for interventions that promote environmental conservation goals and introduce social structures that support food security.

Keywords: coping methods, Food security, Subsistence farming, Rural communities, Indonesia

Received: 06 Jul 2022; Accepted: 02 Sep 2022.

Copyright: © 2022 Yusriadi and Cahaya. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

* Correspondence: Dr. Yusriadi Yusriadi, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Administrasi Puangrimaggalatung, Bone Regency, Indonesia